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کد محصول: M637
قیمت فایل ترجمه شده: ۱۰۰۰۰ تومان
تعداد صفحه انگلیسی: ۴
سال نشر: ۲۰۱۷
تعداد صفحه ترجمه فارسی: ۴ صفحه word
مقاله ترجمه شده : بررسی قابلیت اطمینان استراتژی های مدیریت سهام در تقاضای وابسته
Evaluation of Stock Management Strategies Reliability at Dependent Demand
در این مقاله ، یک رویکرد روشمند وجود دارد که اجازه محاسبه میزان ایمنی سهام در تقاضای وابسته بر اساس الزامات قابلیت اطمینان زنجیره تامین را فراهم می کند ، انواع مختلف استراتژی های مدیریت موجودی در تقاضای وابسته مورد بررسی قرار می گیرد ، نتایج محاسبه هزینه های کل بر اساس قابلیت اطمینان ارایه داده می شوند .
In the article there is a suggested methodical approach that allows calculating the safety stock quantity at the dependent demand in view of supply chains reliability requirements; the variants for different inventory management strategies at the dependent demand are examined; results of total costs calculation in view of the reliability are given.
The publications analysis has allowed to reveal the opinions of several authors about features of stocks
management at dependent demand. “Dependent demand” means the demand for one item is related to the demand for another item. The dependent technique used in a production environment is called material requirements planning (MRP) (Heizer and Render, 2011). Originally popularized by Joseph Orlicky, MRP deals specifically with supplying materials and component parts whose demand depends upon the demand for a specific end product (Coyle et al., ۲۰۰۳). The purpose of MRP is to avoid carrying items in inventory (Ballou, 1999).
Effective use of dependent inventory models requires that the operations manager know what is to be made and when; materials and parts required to make the product; what is in stock; what is on order; how long it takes to get various components (Heizer and Render, 2011). Protection against uncertainty in the requirements and supplies that are part of material requirements planning can be achieved with the aid of safety stock and safety time (Jonsson, 2008). It seems wise to include “some” safety time into the lead-time offset of uncritical operations that is the direct predecessor of a critical operation (Stadtlerand Kilger, 2008). The minimum projected on-hand inventory should not fall below the safety stock level (Wisner et al., ۲۰۱۲). The safety stock is also a planning parameter that can be chosen arbitrarily (Axsنter, 2006). A fixed on hand inventory level can be maintained that is determined by practical experience or some other means. Although this method is approximate, it is probably the best that can be done (Ballou, 1999).
The usual policy is to use safety stock for end items and purchased items to protect against fluctuating customer orders and unreliable suppliers of components but to avoid using it as much as possible for intermediate items (Krajewski et al., ۲۰۱۳). If the firm does not exceed 99% record accuracy, then material requirements planning will not work (Heizer and Render, 2011). Summarizing the sources where parameters calculation examples of different planning strategies of inventory quantity at the dependent demand are given, the following can be stated:
۱. Planned periods duration, for which the calculation is executed, fluctuates from 6 to 12 weeks.
۲. Minimal and maximal stock quantities in each planned period cover the wide range of values, for example, from 20 to 100 products (Axsنter, 2006), from 0 to 50 products (Leenders and Fearon, 1997).
۳. To choose the best strategy using the economic criteria the two costs types are used: for the order implementation and for stock holding.
۴. Safety stock quantity is mentioned in two works (Axsنter, 2006; Lysons and Gillingham, 2003), but there are no instructions for their determining method.
۵. The number of stock quantity strategies and their periodicity planning fluctuates from one to six; the most often indicated strategies are LFL, EOQ and LTC, but there are not any instructions for the most appropriate strategy.