این مقاله علمی پژوهشی (ISI) به زبان انگلیسی از نشریه الزویر مربوط به سال ۲۰۲۲ دارای ۱۶ صفحه انگلیسی با فرمت PDF می باشد در ادامه این صفحه لینک دانلود رایگان مقاله انگلیسی و بخشی از ترجمه فارسی مقاله موجود می باشد.
کد محصول: M1320
سال نشر: ۲۰۲۲
نام ناشر (پایگاه داده): الزویر
نام مجله:Transportation Research Part A
نوع مقاله: علمی پژوهشی (Research articles)
تعداد صفحه انگلیسی: ۱۶ صفحه PDF
عنوان کامل فارسی:
مقاله انگلیسی ۲۰۲۲ :دورکاری در طول همه گیری برای چه کسانی موثر نبود؟ درک عوامل مؤثر بر رضایت از دورکاری در ایالات متحده با استفاده از مدل چندنشانگر چند علت (MIMIC).
عنوان کامل انگلیسی:
For whom did telework not work during the Pandemic? understanding the factors impacting telework satisfaction in the US using a multiple indicator multiple cause (MIMIC) model
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The COVID-19 pandemic required employees and businesses across the world to rapidly transition to work from home over extended periods, reaching what is likely the upper bound of telework in many sectors. Past studies have identified both advantages and disadvantages of teleworking. The pandemic experience offers a unique opportunity to examine employees’ experiences and perceptions of telework given the broad participation duration and extent. While employer strategies will play a major role in defining the future forms and adoption of telework, employee preferences and constraints, such as access to appropriate technology to work from home or the home environment, are also going to be important factors. Using data from a U.S. representative sample of 318 working adults, this study uses a Multiple Indicator Multiple Cause Model (MIMIC) to understand employee satisfaction with telework. The presented model links telework satisfaction with experienced and perceived benefits and barriers related to telework, and hence provide a causal structure to our understanding of telework satisfaction. We also present an ordered probit model without latent variables that help us understand the systematic heterogeneity in telework satisfaction across various socio-demographic groups. The results suggest younger and older aged individuals experienced/perceived lower benefits and higher barriers to teleworking compared to middle aged individuals. The results also suggest a disproportionate impact on Hispanic or Latino and Black respondents as well as on those with children attending online school from home. Accordingly, this study highlights important factors impacting telework adoption that employers and policy makers should consider in planning future work arrangements and policies in a postpandemic world.
Keywords: Telework, Work from home, ICT and travel behavior, COVID-19, MIMIC model, Satisfaction
One of the most impactful transformations triggered by the COVID-19 pandemic is the massive transition of employees and businesses to work from home. According to a U.S. survey conducted by Pew Research in October 2020 (Parker et al., 2020), while only 20% of working adults reported working from home before the pandemic, the number of working adults that reported working from home during the pandemic had grown significantly to 71%. A key finding from this study is that workers were highly divided: only 54% of working adults would like to work from home once the pandemic is over. This finding is significant; while several studies (Tavares, 2017, Ollo-L´opez et al., 2020) have shown positive impact of the option to telework and of actual telework, the experience from the pandemic has been mixed for many. Thus, the extent of continued future adoption of telework when it is an available option remains an open question for employers and policy makers in a post-pandemic world. On the positive side of the argument, we note that the resources that corporations have spent during the pandemic to make teleworking easier, increased schedule flexibility, and inclusion aspects of telework may permanently change the way Americans expect to work, and this may lead to maintaining high levels of telecommuting (Igeltjørn and Habib, 2020, Bjursell et al., 2021). On the other hand, the current level of adoption may not be sustained in the wake of growing evidence related to decline in innovation and productivity (Miglioretti et al., 2021, Song and Gao, 2020) and lack of clearly defined boundaries between work and private life (Lewis, 2017, Pluut and Wonders, 2020). This is further complicated by the fact that the pandemic forced organizations to suddenly adopt remote work, sometimes without providing employees with the necessary skills and support to thrive in the remote work environment (Errichiello and Pianese, 2021)…
۵. Summary, policy Implications, and limitations
Using data from a U.S. representative sample (based on gender, age and ethnicity variables) of 318 working adults, this study uses a multiple indicator multiple cause model (MIMIC) to understand individual’s satisfaction with telework. The study also presents an ordered probit model without the latent variables, which reveals systematic heterogeneity in telework satisfaction. The MIMIC model consists of an ordered probit component relating socio-demographic information and perceived/experienced telework benefits and barriers to telework satisfaction. Additionally, we anchor the modeling on personal, work, and household environment factors that help disentangle structural differences in how people experienced remote work…